1787 Westmoreland – UK


1 in stock

Mid 18th century County map of North West England

SKU: MA0634 Categories: ,

John Cary (1755-1835) was an important British cartographer and publisher best known for his clean engraving and distinct style. His The New and Correct English Atlas published in 1809, was revolutionary at the time abandoning all decorative aspects of mapmaking in favour of a more detailed, accurate and scientific approach. This standard influenced all British cartographers notably, The Ordnance Survey. This particular atlas when it was published was so popular that a totally new set of plates were engraved in its first year.

Born in Wiltshire, John was apprenticed to an engraver in London. He started his own business by 1782, had a map and print business on the corner of Arundel Street and the Strand in 1787 and moved to several premises before settling at 86 St James’s Street in 1820.

Cary had several significant collaborations during his career. John Wallis and Cary diversified Cary’s business to include broader publishing projects. Brother William and John made globes together, while brother Francis participated in the company’s engraving work. Finally, geologist William Smith and Cary developed and sold geological maps, some of the first of their kind. The pair also produced a notable series of county maps starting in 1819. Cary’s atlases, of English counties and the world, were the standard texts of the early nineteenth century. He was appointed Surveyor of Roads to the General Post Office in 1794, which led to the New Itinerary, first published in 1798.

John trained his son, George, in engraving and George and his other son, John Jr., took over the business in 1821. It was then known as G. and J. Cary and continued in trade until 1850. The firm’s materials were then acquired by George Frederick Cruchley and then Gall and Inglis. By the time John died in 1835, Cary was the authoritative name in private map publishing and his business was a leader in the field throughout the first half of the nineteenth century.

Dimensions 28 × 23 cm
Map Maker

Dimensions with Mount

46 x 41cm


London 1787


Excellent condition with later hand colouring

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