1757 Bellin, Jacques Nicolas Carte Reduite de L’ocean Oriental ou Mer des Indes… Second Edition… Par M. Bellin MDCCXVII

$4,450.00

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This original impressive copper engraved chart of the Indian Ocean covers an area from Western Australia to Africa in the south, the Red Sea to Taiwan in the north, taking in Arabia, India, South East Asia and the Spice Islands.

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This original impressive copper engraved chart of the Indian Ocean covers an area from Western Australia to Africa in the south, the Red Sea to Taiwan in the north, taking in Arabia, India, South East Asia and the Spice Islands. The map is crossed by a series of rhumb lines and features a flamboyant title cartouche placed on the African continent. This is the second edition of Bellin’s important sea chart and is significantly revised from the first edition of 1740. Tooley only notes this edition. Clancy illustrates a copy with a date of 1757 (M DCC LVII), but hesitates to acknowledge that it is Second edition. The chart was published separately with a price of Prix Cinquante Sols, and as engraved within the cartouche, J ay fait usage pour cette Carte de tout &c qui a ete public par M Danville par M D’Apres et autres, was published for sale to the public by map sellers Mr Danville and Mr D’Apres and others, but also appeared in Volume 2 of Bellin’s, Hydrographie Francoise¸ the most important compilation of sea charts published in the 18th Century.

The coastal routes of Dutch shipping along the African, Asian and Indian coasts are well annotated and Bellin names some of the early Dutch and English discoveries on the west coast including de Witt (1628) and Houtman (1619). Other Dutch discoveries are accounted for but not named, such as Tasman’s north coast discoveries. Dampier’s 1699 landing at Shark Bay is noted Baye des Chiens Marins (Bay of Sea Dogs) veue par Dampierre en 1699, and Terres de Diuning qui sont basses et noyees. The Triall, Christmas and Cocos Islands are prominent as is Isle Cloate. As with Bellin’s Australian map, reference is made to a fictitious French voyage to Australia’s south-west coast in 1687 by Duquesne. It must be noted that, unlike previous maps of this area by Bellin, he now annotates the West coast of Australia with both the title of Terres Australes and Nouvelle Hollande.

Dimensions 84 × 54 cm
Map Maker

Published

Paris 1757

Technique

Copper plate engraving

Condition

Fine condition. slight toning throughout.

Information

Bellin was born in Paris in 1703 and died in Versailles in 1772. He worked at the Depot de Cartes et Plans de la Marine as a Hydrographical Engineer for the French Navy for over 50 years. He became Hydrographe du Roi, (Hydrographer to the King), Censeur Royal de L’Academie de Marine, and a member of the Royal Society of London. Louis XIV ordered the compilation of a complete survey of the coast of France in large folio format, the Neptune Francois, under the orders of M. Sauveur of the Academie des Sciences, the work was conducted in such a dilatory fashion that it eventually fell to Bellin to correct and augment the work. It was finally published in 1753.
Not only did Bellin work on Hydrographie Francaise, which was published in two volumes over a period of 10 years from 1756 to 1765 he also compiled the maps for Atlas Maritime when he was commissioned to survey all the know coastlines of the world. Much of his information would have come from ‘all known’ sources, especially the Dutch cartographers and map makers who were deemed the best at the time. This latter atlas was published in 1751. During this time Bellin also produced maps for Prevost’s, Histoire Generale des Voyages 1747-1761. His final publication Le Petit Atlas Maritime extended to five volumes and was published in 1764. Bellin acquired a reputation as one of the cartographers who established the theoretical school of map making. His Carte Reduite des Terres Australes (Reduced Chart of the Southern Lands) is probably the best known and enjoyed inaccurate map of Australia showing as it does, a dotted line along Bellin’s hypothetical East Coast.
Reference: Tooley 155; See 1757 edition; Clancy Terra Australis map 2.6, illust. p.35

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